Biotechnology is the application of science and engineering to develop useful products from biological materials. Biotechnology is a very broad discipline, ranging from cloning to cheese making, and products from antibiotics to beer.

Career Opportunities

  • Bioengineer
  • Biotechnologist  
  • Food Technologist  
  • Laboratory Technician  
  • Pharmaceutical Engineer
  • Quality Assurance Officer  

Potential Employers

  • Crown Research Institutes
  • Food and Dairy Industry
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Private Research Companies
  • Universities and Polytechnics

This programme examines the extraction, recovery, and purification of biochemicals from the meat, dairy, and other industries. It explores technological applications at the industrial level as well as the molecular level.

School subjects required

As well as biology and chemistry, students would find mathematics, physics and/or technology useful. Some first-year papers have specific prerequisites so check the paper list carefully.

Planning Your Degree

Biotechnology is available as an interdisciplinary major jointly taught between the Department of Biological Sciences and the School of Engineering.

To complete a major in Biotechnology, students must complete 120 points above 100 Level, including 60 points at 300 Level, from the below papers.

The other papers needed to complete the degree requirements of the BSc and BSc(Tech) may come from further optional papers in Biotechnology, other science subjects, or may even include a few papers from other faculties/schools of study.

Papers are worth 15 points.


  • BIOL101 – Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • CHEM112 – Chemical Reactivity
And at least one of:
  • ENGG180 – Foundations of Engineering
  • ENMP102 – Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering
Students are strongly advised to include some of the following papers:
  • BIOL102 – The Biology of Organisms
  • CHEM111 – Structure and Spectroscopy
  • MATH101 – Introduction to Calculus or MATH102 – Introduction to Algebra
  • MATH165 – General Mathematics
  • STAT121 – Introduction to Statistical Methods or STAT111 – Statistics for Science

Papers are worth 20 points unless specified.

Choose 60 points from:
  • BIOL241 – Microbiology: Form, Function and Metabolism
  • BIOL251 – Biochemistry
  • ENMP221 – Engineering Thermodynamics
  • ENMP222 – Biotechnology: Food and Bioresources
Recommended papers
  • BIOL210 – Introduction to Genetics
  • ENMP241 – Environmental Technology 1

Papers are worth 20 points unless specified.

Choose 60 points from:
  • BIOL341 – Microbial Physiology and Ecology
  • BIOL351 – Advanced Biochemistry
  • ENMP321 – Process Engineering and Design
  • ENMP322 – Biotechnology+
Recommended papers
  • BIOL362 – Molecular Biology and Biotechniques
  • ENMP341 – Environmental Technology 2

The remaining papers needed to complete the requirements for the BSc and BSc(Tech) degrees may come from other science subjects or papers from other faculties or schools.

Postgraduate Studies

As this is an interdisciplinary major taught between two or more departments, it is recommended that you contact the Dean's Office, Faculty of Science and Engineering as you enrol in your second year of studies for programme advice, if you are considering pursuing postgraduate study on completion of your bachelor degree. This is to ensure that you enrol in the required papers that would gain you entry into a Postgraduate qualification.