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Fossils

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Fossil Image Gallery


Palaeozoic Fossil Images Mesozoic Fossil Images Cenozoic Fossil Images

Cenozoic Fossil Images
Specimen 37 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 37 CENOZOIC
Order: Pterioida
Suborder: Pteriina
Superfamily: Pteriacea
Family: Pteriidae
Genus: Lentipecten Marwick, 1928
Species: Lentipecten hochstetteri (Zittel, 1864)
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Shell with matrix infilling; conjoined valves.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: bivalve
Specimen 38 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CNIDARIA
Specimen 38 CENOZOIC
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Zoantharia
Family: Faviidae
Species: Gen. & sp. Indet.
Locality: North Chanter Island, Kermadec Group, Raoul Island sector, Pacific Ocean, N. Z.
Age: Haweran Stage- late Pleistocene
Preservation: Calcium carbonate colonial skeleton.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 12.04.1999
Common name: coral
Specimen 39 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: PLANTAE
Specimen 39 CENOZOIC:
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Tribe: Dicotyledones
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Meterociderous
Species: Metrosiderous sp. indet.
Locality: Opencast mine tailings, East Huntly, Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Runangan Stage - late Eocene
Preservation: Carbonaceous impressions.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 18.02. 2003
Common name: plant fossil
Specimen 40 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 40 CENOZOIC
Class: Bivalvia
Suborder: Ostreina
Superfamily: Ostreacea
Family: Gryphaeidae
Subfamily: Pycnodonteinae
Family: Ostreidae
Subfamily: Ostreinae
Genus: Crassostrea
Species: Crassostrea ingens (Zittel, 1864)
Locality: Wilkies Shellbed, Wanganui.
Age: Mangapanian Stage – late Pliocene
Preservation: Shell.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 10.04.1993
Common name: oyster
Specimen 41 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 41 CENOZOIC
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorphia
Order: Arcoida
Superfamily: Arcacea
Family: Cucullaeidae
Genus: Cucullaea
Species: Cucullaea (Latiarca) worthingtoni Hutton, 1873
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Shell with matrix infilling; conjoined valves.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: bivalve
Specimen 42 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 42 CENOZOIC
Class: Gastropoda
Superfamily: Naticacea
Family: Naticidae
Subfamily: Naticinae
Genus: Magnatica
Subgenus: Magnatica
Species: Magnatica (Magnatica) planispira (Suter, 1917)
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Shell with matrix infilling.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: gastropod
Specimen 43 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ECHINODERMATA
Specimen 43 CENOZOIC
Superorder: Gnathostomata
Order: Clypeasteroida
Suborder: Clypeasterina
Family: Arachnoididae
Genus: Fellaster
Species: Fellaster zelandiae (Gray, 1855)
Locality: Waipatiki Limestone, south side, Waipatiki Beach, Hawkes Bay, N. Z.
Age: Nukumaruan Stage – late Pliocene
Preservation: Calcitic test with matrix infill.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 08.08.1999
Common name: echinoderm
Specimen 44 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: PLANTAE
Specimen 44 CENOZOIC
Class: Spermatopsida
Order: Palmales
Family: Palmae
Subfamily: Cocoideae
Genus: Cocos
Species: Cocos zeylandica
Locality: Cooper’s Beach, Mangonui Doutless Bay, Northland, N. Z.
Age: Waiauan Stage - Middle Miocene
Preservation: Carbonaceous.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 15.12.2000
Common name: coconut
Specimen 45 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CHORDATA
Specimen 45 CENOZOIC

specimen 45
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Superclass: Pisces
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobrachii
Infraclass: Osteodonta
Order: Selachii
Family: Isuridae
Genus: Isurus
Species: Isurus sp. indet
Locality: Kaawa Creek Shellbed, Port Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Opoitan Stage – middle Pliocene
Preservation: Phosphatised shark's teeth.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 10.06.1997
Common name: shark's teeth
Specimen 46 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 46 CENOZOIC
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Prosobranchia
Order: Archaeogastropoda
Family: Volutidae
Subfamily: Zidoninae
Genus: Alcithoe
Species: Alcithoe arabicula Marwick, 1926
Locality: Kaawa Creek Shellbed, Port Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Opoitan Stage – middle Pliocene
Preservation: Shell
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 10.06.1997
Common name: gastropod
Specimen 47 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 47 CENOZOIC
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Pteropodia
Order: Euthcosomata
Family: Cuvierinidae
Genus: Vaginella
Species: Vaginella depressa Daudin, 1800
Locality: Bartrum Bay, Motutara, south Muriwai Coast, Rodney District, west Auckland, N. Z.
Age: Altonian Stage – early Miocene
Preservation: Calcitic internal skeleton.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 12.05.1989
Common name: gastropod
Specimen 48 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ANNELIDA
Specimen 48 CENOZOIC
Class: Polychaeta
Subclass: Sedentaria
Species: Fam., gen., & sp. indet.
Locality: Kaawa Creek Shellbed, Port Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Opoitan Stage – middle Pliocene
Preservation: Calcareous tube minus animal.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 10.06.1997
Common name: tube-worm tubes
Specimen 49 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ARTHROPODA
Specimen 49 CENOZOIC
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Cirripedia Burmeister, 1834
Order: Thoracica Darwin, 1854
Suborder: Balanomorpha Pilsbry, 1916
Superfamily: Pachylasmoidea Utinomi, 1968
Family: Pachylasmidae Utinomi, 1968
Superfamily: Bathylasmatinae Newman & Ross, 1976
Genus: Bathylasma Newman & Ross, 1971
Species: Bathylasma aucklandicum (Hector, 1888)
Locality: Mathesons Bay, Leigh, Rodney District, North Auckland, N. Z.
Age: Otaian Stage – early Miocene
Preservation: Shell partial plate (latus) exterior.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 03.12.1997
Common name: barnacle
Specimen 50 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ECHINODERMATA
Specimen 50 CENOZOIC
Order: Spatangoida
Family: Paleopneustidae
Genus: Pericosmus
Species: Pericosmus crawfordi (Hutton, 1873)
Locality: Cavendish Limestone Quarry, Mt Somers, Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Waitakian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Calcitic test with matrix infill.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle -11.01.2003
Common name: sand dollar
Specimen 51 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ARTHROPODA
Specimen 51 CENOZOIC
Class: Crustacea
C Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Reptantia
Family: Cancridae
Genus: Cancer Linnaeus, 1758
Species: Cancer novaezelandae (Jacquinot & Lucus, 1853)
Locality: Keyhole Rock, Spit Beach, Aromoana, Dunedin Heads, N. Z.
Age: Pleistocene.
Preservation: Original carapace.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 24.01.2003
Common name: crab
Specimen 52 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ECHINODERMATA
Specimen 52 CENOZOIC
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Cidaroida
Family: Cidarinae
Genus: Eucidaris
Species: Eucidaris strobilata Fell, 1954
Locality: Matanganui Limestone, south Rocky Side, Tarawhenua Peninsula, Pitt Island, Chatham Islands.
Age: Early Waipawan Stage – Early Eocene
Preservation: Calcitic radioles (spines) disarticulated from test.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle –18.02.2002
Common name: sea urchin, or kina, spines
Specimen 53 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CNIDARIA
Specimen 53 CENOZOIC
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Zoantharia
Family: Faviidae
Genus: Leptastrea
Species: Leptastrea cf. transversa
Locality: Fossil Point, Bosquet Bay, Kawau Island, Hauraki Gulf, Auckland, N. Z.
Age: Otaian Stage – early Miocene
Preservation: Mineralisation of calcitic skeleton.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 09.04.1994
Common name: coral
Specimen 54 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CHORDATA
Specimen 54 CENOZOIC
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Superclass: Pisces
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobrachii
Infraclass: Osteodonta
Order: Lamniforms
Family: Otodontidae
Genus: Carcharocles
Species: Carcharocles megladon (Agassiz)
Locality: Kaawa Creek Shellbed, Port Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Opoitan Stage – middle Pliocene
Preservation: Phosphatised teeth; plaster cast
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 10.06.1997
Common name: shark's tooth
Specimen 55 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 55 CENOZOIC
Class: Scaphopoda
Order: Dentaloida
Superfamily: Dentaliacea
Family: Dentaliidae
Genus: Dentalium
Species: Dentalium mantelli Zittel, 1864
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Shell minus animal.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: scaphopod
Specimen 56 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 56 CENOZOIC
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorpha
Order: Arcoida
Superfamily: Limnopsacea
Family: Limnopsidae
Genus: Limnopsis
Species: Limnopsis parma Marwick, 1929
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Shell; conjoined valves with matrix infilling.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: bivalve
Specimen 57 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CNIDARIA
The photo is coming soon.
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Zoantharia
Order: Zoanthiniaria
Family: Pennatulacea
Species: Gen., & sp. indet.
Locality: Ardlogie Station limepit, Meyers Pass, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Partial calcareous internal skeleton.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 16.11.1996
Common name: coral
Specimen 58 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ARTHROPODA
Specimen 58 CENOZOIC
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Cirripedia Burmeister, 1834
Order: Thoracica Darwin, 1854
Suborder: Balanomorpha Pilsbry, 1916
Family: Balanidae Leach, 1817
Subfamily: Megabalaninae Newman, 1979
Genus: Austromegabalanus Newman, 1979
Subgenus: Notomegabalanus Newman, 1979
Species: Austromegabalanus (Notomegabalanus) decorus argyllensis Buckeridge, 1983
Locality: Porewa Shellbed, Wanganui Coast, N. Z.
Age: Nukumaruan Stage – Pleistocene
Preservation: Shell complete.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 01.09.1995
Common name: barnacle
Specimen 59 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CHORDATA
Specimen 59 CENOZOIC
Class: Aves
Order: Dinornithiformes
Family: Dinornithidae
Genus: Dinornis Owen
Species: Dinornis novaezealandiae Owen, 1843
Locality: Rangitiki River bank, Onepui, N. Z.
Age: Late Pleistocene
Preservation: Bone.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 26.12.2001
Common name: moa (bird)
Specimen 60 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ECHINODERMATA
The photo is coming soon.
Class: Stelleroidia
Subclass: Ophiuroidea
Order: Phrynophiurida
Suborder: Euryalina
Species: Fam., gen. & sp. indet.
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Internal calcite skeleton ossicles.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: echinoderm
Specimen 61 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: CHORDATA
Specimen 61 CENOZOIC
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Superclass: Pisces
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobrachii
Infraclass: Osteodonta
Family: Chimaeridae
Species: Gen. & Sp. indet.
Locality: Kaawa Creek Shelbed, Port Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Opoitan Stage – middle Pliocene
Preservation: Phosphatised ghost shark grinding teeth.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 10.06.1997
Common name: shark's teeth
Specimen 62 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 62 bivalve

Specimen 62 gastropod
Class: Bivalvia & Gastropoda (one picture of each)
Species: Fam., gen. & sp. indet.
Locality: Waikawau Cast Beds, Port Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Otaian Stage – early Miocene
Preservation: Internal matrix casts
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 18.05.1997
Common name: molluscs
Specimen 63 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: BRACHIOPODA
Specimen 63 CENOZOIC
Class: Articulata
Order: Terebratulida
Family: Terebratulidae
Species: Gen. & sp. indet.
Locality: Hurstlea Limepit, Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Conjoined shells.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 17.11.1996
Common name: brachiopod
Specimen 64 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: PLANTAE
The photo is coming soon.
Fossil amber; tree gum
Species: Fam., gen. & sp. Indet.
Locality: East Huntly, Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Runungan Stage - late Eocene
Preservation: Resin.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 09.10.1994
Common name: amber or gum
Specimen 65 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: ECHINODERMATA
The photo is coming soon.
Class: Stelleroidia
Subclass: Asteroidea
Family: Goniasteridae
Species: Gen. & sp. Indet.
Locality: Ardlogie Station limepit, Meyers Pass, South Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Disarticulated calcite skeletal ossicles.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 16.11.1996
Common name: echinoderm
Specimen 66 CENOZOIC: | top |
ICHNOFOSSIL
Specimen 66 CENOZOIC
Bioturbation - animal feeding/locomotory burrowing structure.
Locality: Karamu Quarry, Pirongia, West Waikato, N. Z.
Age: Duntroonian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Limestone cast in-situ.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 04.04.1999
Common name: trace fossil
Specimen 67 CENOZOIC: | top |
ICHNOFOSSIL
The photo is coming soon.
Paramudra
Animal burrow infilled, then exhumed from ‘country’ rock.
Locality: Wakapirau, Kaipara Harbour, North Auckland, N. Z.
Age: Piripauan Stage – late Cretaceous
Preservation: Chert; silicified burrow and calcitic infill.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 19.11.1988
Common name: trace fossil
Specimen 68 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 68 CENOZOIC
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorpha
Order: Pterioida
Suborder: Pteriina
Superfamily: Pectinacea
Family: Pectinidae
Genus: Philopecten
Species: Phialopecten marwicki (Beu, 1970)
Locality: Awapapa Limestone, Te Mata Peak, Havelock North, Hawke Bay, N. Z.
Age: Waipipian Stage – late Pliocene
Preservation: Shell.
Collected: Michael K. Eagle – 18.11.1989
Common name: bivalve
Specimen 69 CENOZOIC: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 69 CENOZOIC
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorpha
Order: Pterioida
Suborder: Pteriina
Superfamily: Pectinacea
Family: Pectinidae
Genus: Serripecten
Species: Serripecten hutchinsoni (Hutton, 1873)
Locality: Cavendish Limestone Quarry, Mt Somers, Canterbury, N. Z.
Age: Waitakian Stage – late Oligocene
Preservation: Single valve (shell).
Collected: Michael K. Eagle -11.01.2003
Common name: bivalve
Specimen 101: | top |
(this is not actually a fossil but an example of the type of thing in the fossil record)
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 101
Class: Bivalvia
Modern pholad bivalves which have bored into a piece of rock from a coastal shore platform. Pholads use the edge of their shells to mechanically drill/cut into the rock. Fossil examples like this image exist in rocks from the Wanganui Basin.
Specimen 102: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 102
Class: Bivalvia
This specimen shows gastropod shells which have accumulated in muddy sediment, and then been 'current aligned', i.e., the movement of the water has turned them so they face the same direction. This specimen comes from the Cenozoic of New Zealand. Image shown in both plan and cross-sectional views. See also specimens 14 and 21.
Specimen 103: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 103

Specimen 103 Close Up
Class: Bivalvia
Scallop shells embedded in a sandy limestone, from Cenozoic sediments of Hawke's Bay.
Specimen 104: | top |
Phylum: MOLLUSCA
Specimen 104
Class: Bivalvia
Jurassic bivalves, Buchia sp. (see also specimens 16 ). This specimen is formed from casts and molds. These fossils are often found in the Port Waikato area.
Specimen 105: | top |
Trace fossil (see also specimen 66).
Specimen 105

Specimen 105 Close Up
Tracks in sandstone. Probably made by an echnoderm (like a sea urchin or kina) grazing on organic detritus on a sandy sea floor. These tracks can be see in Waitamata Group sediments, dated at about 20-18 million years old.
Specimen 106: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protophyta)
Specimen 106
Division: Chrysophyta
Class: Coccolithophyceae
Miocene age carbonate mud made up of the plates of coccoliths (marine algae) from the Reticulofenstrids group (DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea)
Specimen 107: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protophyta)
Specimen 107
Division: Chrysophyta
Class: Coccolithophyceae
Miocene age carbonate mud made up of the plates of coccoliths (marine algae) from the Reticulofenstrids group (DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea)
Specimen 108: | top |
Kingdom: Animalia
Specimen 108
Superphylum: Invertebrata
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Ostracoda
A Miocene age ostracod from DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Specimen 109: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protozoa)
Specimen 109
Phylum: Foraminifera
Subphylum: Rhizopoda
Class: Granuloreticulosea
Order: Foraminiferida
Family: Cibicididae Cushman, 1927
Genus: Cibicidoides
Species: Cibicidoides cenop Woodruff 1984
Locality: DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Age: Late Miocene
Preservation: calcite shell
Processed by: Penelope Cooke - 1998
This species is benthic - it lives on the seafloor sediments
Common name: benthic foram - these are single-celled animals that make a shell from calcium carbonate
Specimen 110: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protozoa)
Specimen 110
Phylum: Foraminifera
Subphylum: Rhizopoda
Class: Granuloreticulosea
Order: Foraminiferida
Family: Globigerinidae Carpenter, Parker and Jones 1862
Genus: Globigerina
Species: Globigerina bulloides
Locality: DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Age: Late Miocene
Preservation: calcite shell
Processed by: Penelope Cooke - 1998
This species is planktic - it lives in the surface waters
Common name: planktic foram - these are single-celled animals that make a shell from calcium carbonate
Specimen 111: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protozoa)
Specimen 111
Phylum: Foraminifera
Subphylum: Rhizopoda
Class: Granuloreticulosea
Order: Foraminiferida
Family: Globorotaliidae Cushman, 1927
Genus: Globoconella
Species: Globoconella miotumida
Locality: DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Age: Late Miocene
Preservation: calcite shell
Processed by: Penelope Cooke - 1998
This species is planktic - it lives in the surface waters
Common name: planktic foram - these are single-celled animals that make a shell from calcium carbonate
Specimen 112: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protozoa)
Specimen 112
Phylum: Foraminifera
Subphylum: Rhizopoda
Class: Granuloreticulosea
Order: Foraminiferida
Family: Globigerinidae Carpenter, Parker and Jones 1862
Subfamily: Orbulininae Schultze 1854
Genus: Orbulina
Species: Orbulina universa
Locality: DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Age: Late Miocene
Preservation: calcite shell
Processed by: Penelope Cooke - 1998
This species is planktic - it lives in the surface waters
Common name: planktic foram - these are single-celled animals that make a shell from calcium carbonate
Specimen 113: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protophyta)
Specimen 113
Division: Chrysophyta
Genus: Bolboforma
Species: Bolboforma praeintermedia
Locality: DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Age: Late Miocene
Preservation: calcite shell
Processed by: Martin Crundwell - 1998
This group of microfossils is interesting as we don't really know what they are - we think they are algae.
Specimen 114: | top |
Kingdom: Protoctista (Protophyta)
Specimen 114
Division: Chrysophyta
Genus: Bolboforma
Species: Bolboforma capsula
Locality: DSDP Site 593, southern Tasman Sea
Age: Late Miocene
Preservation: calcite shell
Processed by: Martin Crundwell - 1998
This group of microfossils is interesting as we don't really know what they are - we think they are algae.

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