Associate Professor Rainer Künnemeyer

Associate Professor; Associate Dean - International

Qualifications: DiplPhys DrRerNat Hanover SMIEEE MSPIE MIPENZ

About Rainer

Rainer joined the University after several years in industry and at overseas universities. Since then, he held roles as  Chair of the Department of Physics and Electronics Engineering and Acting Associate Dean Engineering. His current interests are in the field of sensors and biophotonics with a focus on agri-engineering and instrumentation for non-destructive evaluation of agricultural products.

Research Interests

  • Biophotonics
  • Optical sensing
  • Instrumentation and measurement
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy

The focus is on agri-engineering and instrumentation for non-destructive evaluation of agricultural products. The work  covers the quality assessment of internal fruit properties (including its application to high speed fruit grading) and assessment of pasture, milk, meat, eggs, etc. The main techniques employed for sensor development are NIR spectroscopy and photon migration methods as well as nano-photonics and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy.

Research Supervised

  • H. Kaur  (in progress). Aquaphotomics for Low Cost Instrumentation to Investigate Quality of Fruits
  • H. Jull (in progress). Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of growing plants,
  • Z. J. Sun (in progress). Development of a High Speed Optical Sensor for Detecting Internal Disorders of Horticultural Products in On-line Systems.
  • K. A. Shafie (in progress). Development of LED Based Near Infrared Sensor for In-Field Kiwifruit Fruit Quality Assessment.
  • P. I. Rowe (2015). Optical Technologies for Fruit Firmness Assessment.
  • B. Cletus (2010). IMOS Technology for Medical & Biological Samples.
  • N. Sedoglavich (2009). Development and Characterisation of Plasmonic Devices for Sensing Applications.


  • A. Russell (2013). Milk Component Analysis.
  • N. Albugami (2012). Blue-ray cytometer.
  • P. K. Shrestha (2010). Self-mixing diode laser interferometry.


  • E. Baptist (2016). Scalable Wireless Network for Remote Sensors.
  • K. Nel, M. Seabright, and C. Song (2014). Frequency Domain Near-Infrared Diffuse Optical Tomography.
  • Z. J. Sun (2013). Oxygen Sensing System.
  • A. Hodge (2013). Design of a Low Cost Pulse Analyser for Flow Cytometry.
  • D. Exton (2013). 13.56 MHz MIFARE RFID Antennas.
  • K. Raj (2010). Self-mixing laser interferometer.
  • A. Hassan (2010). Diffuse optical tomography.
  • R. P. Dayal (2010). DVD cytometer.

Teaching Commitments


Agriculture and Biosystems; Electronics; Engineering; Environmental Science and Technology; Optics; Physics; Technology

Non-destructive testing; Optoelectronics; Spectroscopy; Biophotonics

Recent Publications

  • Jull, H., Künnemeyer, R., & Schaare, P. (2018). Nutrient quantification in fresh and dried mixtures of ryegrass and clover leaves using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Precision Agriculture, 1-17. doi:10.1007/s11119-018-9559-4

  • Tomer, N., McGlone, A., & Künnemeyer, R. (2018). Validated multi-wavelength simulations of light transport in healthy onion. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 146, 22-30. doi:10.1016/j.compag.2018.01.018

  • Kaur, H., Kunnemeyer, R., & McGlone, A. (2017). Comparison of hand-held near infrared spectrophotometers for fruit dry matter assessment. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, 25(4), 267-277. doi:10.1177/0967033517725530

  • Tomer, N., McGlone, A., & Kunnemeyer, R. (2017). Validated simulations of diffuse optical transmission measurements on produce. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 134, 94-101. doi:10.1016/j.compag.2017.01.006

View All research publications by Rainer Künnemeyer